Rebuilding St. Nicholas into an American Pantheon

american-pantheon saint nicholas shrine ny

Rebuilding St. Nicholas into an American Pantheon

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Rev. John Romas, pastor of St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church in Lower Manhattan for 30 years, died of pancreatic cancer on Jan. 24, 2016. Had he not died of cancer, he would have died today of a heart attack, seeing his beloved church eclipsed by the erection of the new St. Nicholas, a glitzy new edifice, bearing no resemblance to his humble church, except for the name.

Fr. John Romas

Rev. John Romas was the pastor of St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church on 155 Cedar Street in Lower Manhattan for 30 years. His small church was completely destroyed on Sept. 11, 2001 when the South Tower collapsed. “I was crying like a baby,” Father Romas is quoted to have said at the time.

Archbishop Demetrios of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese would disagree: “It is in a state of transition but not eclipse,” he has said of St. Nicholas. This “creative” expression of his reflects a sad reality: the St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church has indeed given way to the new St. Nicholas National Shrine. Please, read it again: the old St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church has given way to the new St. Nicholas National Shrine. Like it or not, the Church gave way to a Shrine. Gone is the “Greek Orthodox Church.” All there is left is a non-descript St. Nicholas Shrine.

Come to think of it, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey has been most generous to agree to keep the name of St. Nicholas. The media has also quoted Archbishop Demetrios as having said that “he envisions not just a rebuilt parochial church on its old 22-by-55-foot site but something greater: a memorial shrine open to all visitors.”1 “There is the exciting possibility of having something additional,” he added, “enhancing and enlarging the function from a purely Orthodox liturgical church to one offering counseling, support and interreligious meetings.”

I think he was forced to say all these things to save face. Still, these statements of his are truly troubling. Here is another of his statements: “With the grace of God…it will soon rise like a glorious phoenix as a National Shrine and a place of pilgrimage for our Nation. It will be a place of faith, a place of peace and a place of solace and hope.” 2 How wonderful! Now, not just Orthodox Christians, but Christians of every denomination, and in fact people of almost every religion can flock to do their devotions, being Moslems, Bahá’í, Buddists, Hindu or Taoists. Even Shamanists, Satanists and atheists would be welcome.

The desire of the Greek Orthodox Church is to create a space in which all visitors will feel welcome. A spokesman for the archdiocese, the Rev. Mark Arey, stated:

If I may quote Jesus, “My house shall be called a house of prayer for all people.” It will be open to everyone: the believer, the unbeliever, the Orthodox Christian, the atheist. Whoever you are, this is a space that you can come into and find some meditative solace.3

I find Fr. Arey’s understanding of the words of the Lord (as reported by the Evangelist) to be a distortion and a misapplication. The evangelist (Mark 11:1) was quoting prophet Isaiah (56:7), who was looking forward to a time when not just the Jews, but people from all nations who had accepted the true God and had joined themselves to the Lord, would be gathered together in His holy mountain to offer acceptable offerings and sacrifices.

The Church continues to invite and call “others to Him besides those already gathered” (Is. 56:8, cf. also Ez. 34:6.12), just as Her Founder did (see John 10:16), who wants to bring into the fold of His Church all the scattered sheep. But they must be receptive to “listen to His voice” (John 10:4) and follow Him, so that they may become one. “The Church of the living God, the pillar and foundation of the Truth” (1 Tim. 3:15), is composed of the faithful, who have accepted Christ, and have become members of His Body. In such an assembly what room is there for “unbelievers” and “atheists”?

On holy Epiphany this year (Jan. 5, 2016) the Archbishop spoke about the millions upon millions of people expected to visit the Memorial at Ground Zero, many of whom would also visit the Shrine. It would offer, he said, a great opportunity to our Orthodox Church to witness our faith to the world. But is this going to be the case? I’m afraid not, and I pray with all my heart that I’ll be proven wrong.

Going back to the words of Fr. Arey (which reflect those of the Archbishop), is “meditative solace” what our Orthodox Church wants to provide to people? Is this what this pantheistic or rather humanistic temple is being built for? Are we competing with yoga and Oriental religions? Are we now in the self-help business of alleviating stress, bringing peacefulness to our lives, finding our inner self, seeking experiences and sensations, and the like? If we are, it would be better if this temple were never completed, because it would have no resemblance to the Church, and would lead people astray instead of leading them to Christ, Who is the Truth.

Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia, the Church of the Holy Wisdom, present day, surrounded by minarets.

One more thing: the design of the exterior of the Church only vaguely resembles the celebrated temple of Hagia Sophia, constructed by Emperor Justinian in Constantinople (present-day Istanbul, Turkey; actually). Actually, it resembles more the great Church as it presently stands, because the four massive surrounding pylons resemble the minarets of a mosque.

A few more questions are raised: Will the cupola be adorned with a miniscule cross, as it is shown in the model, which is almost invisible? As far as the interior is concerned, I have not seen any plan, other than what was shown in a BBC short video, but I have serious doubts it will be modeled after the spectacular mosaics and frescos of the real Hagia Sophia and the Church of the Holy Savior in Chora (again, I hope I’ll be proven wrong).

The Orthodox people who are sending their donations believe their money goes to the erection of an Orthodox church, not an ecumenistic and syncretistic temple. The name shown on the Philoptochos website (above the big DONATE button) reads: “Saint Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church and National Shrine at the World Trade Center.” 4 The same name appears twice underneath it. I find the name, St. Nicholas National Shrine, to be a betrayal of their trust.

In its April, 2014 issue, the Orthodox Observer ran an article entitled, “Our American ‘Parthenon’.” I have a more appropriate name for it: “Our American Pantheon.”

Article graphics and editing: Tony Hatzidakis


  • Michael13 February 2016

    Fr. Emmanuel, Thank you for this revealing blog post. How does something like this happen? Have the Orthodox Church hierarchs fallen so far, are they so blind to the syncretism of the New World Order and the spirit of Antichrist that drives it? It’s stunning to see Orthodoxy compromised on so many fronts (Patriarchates). It’s stunning to listen to the “promoted” Orthodox theologians, and read their books filled with universalism. Ancient Faith Ministries is pumping out just about everything but sound Orthodox doctrine. They have become clearly ecumenists. And what happened yesterday in Cuba? The Pope and Abp. Kirill drinking coffee together?! Do you have a comment about that happening? What is about to hit the Orthodox faithful come July 17-26?

  • Rev. Fr. Timothy Cremeens, PhD13 February 2016

    Fr. Emmanuel, thank you for this enlightening article. It is truly a sad and disturbing thing that the hierarchy of the GOA, which in reality is the face of Orthodoxy in America, has, in its desire to somehow or another be “relevant” to America in this contemporary time, has made the Orthodox Christian Faith, just one out of the many religions in America. What has come over the minds of these men that they feel they have to “water down” the truth of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, Who proclaims, “I am the way, the truth and the life. NO ONE comes to the Father (God) but by Me.” Insult is added to injury my Fr. Mark Arey’s absolute disregard for proper Orthodox, let alone Christian, hermeneutical principles in quoting Jesus regarding His Father’s House being a House of prayer for all people.” As a graduate of an Orthodox seminary I’m sure that Fr. Mark knows well and good that these words of our Lord have NOTHING to do with inter-religious prayer, but, as you so ably point out, refer to the Gentiles who will be grafted onto the New Covenant Tree of the New Israel. All I can say, and pray, is, “LORD, HAVE MERCY.”

  • A Visitor13 February 2016

    It’s probably worth noting that the Pantheon in Rome was a church from the 7th century. The genesis of Christian architecture was in converting pagan buildings. Without pagan architecture, we probably wouldn’t have Christian architecture as we now know it.

  • Bertinos16 February 2016

    The interior on the YouTube presentation of the interior ( from 3’35 on) by arch. Santiago Calatrava is nevertheless reassuring. I personally think this is indeed an opportunity to witness our Orthodox Faith to the non-Orthodox, whomever they may be.

    PS: note that Santiago Calatrava who is using the emblematic Calatrava cross (…

  • Maximus16 March 2016

    I heard that they plan to have a meditation room wherein anyone can pray to whatever. It’s like when St. Paul went to the Areopagus.

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